ABEL SANTAMARÍA MUSEUM PARK
Among the remains of the old Saturnino Lora Civilian Hospital, a building that dates back to 1865, is located a beautiful and solemn spot in Santiago de Cuba, where a group of young people attacked the hospital on July 26th of 1953.
Another historical event took place on October 16th of that same year, where the trial against Fidel Castro, regarding the events of the Moncada Garrison, took plac... For more information...
ANCIENT FENCE OF SAN BARTOLO (ANTIGUA VALLA DE SAN BARTOLO)
This is located in the town of Baire some 50 metres from the plaza. On February 24th of 1895 the “valleros” of the area concentrated themselves in this place from the early hours of the morning, and those who heard the speech of the Commander of the 1868 war Florencio Salcedo, who was judge of the fence that day, who said “...enough cockfighting, it time for men to fight and not animals, for Cuba’... For more information...
ARTS AND CRAFTS SCHOOL (ESCUELA DE ARTES Y OFICIOS)
This well known educational institution is located in the centre of Santiago de Cuba and was hailed a National Monument on January 20th of 2000.
The students and teachers were the stars of important revolutionary struggles through out history, one of the most outstanding students being Félix Pena Díaz.
The school was opened in 1928 with the aim of satisfying the demand of skilled labour whi... For more information...
This site, located in the town of the same name in Santiago de Cuba, was declared a National Monument and is where the troops led by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, also known as Father of the Homeland (Padre de la Patria), and José Joaquín Palma, a poet from Manzanillo, were concentrated.
As fate had it, on February 24th of 1895, when the struggle for independence was taken up again, Captain Satur... For more information...
BATEY OF THE AMÉRICA LIBRE SUGAR MILL
Located in the ancient sugar mill called Oriente, property of The Sugar State of Oriente (Covered by the American Howell Group) it became the most important scene of the worker’s struggle in Contramaestre.
Here is the house where the Rebel Command (Comandancia Rebelde) was established on December 19th of 1958, and it was also the scene for important events related to the last period of the ins... For more information...
CASTLE OF SAN PEDRO DE LA ROCA
The castle, also known as the Morro Castle, was constructed between 1638 and 1643 by military engineer Juan Bautista Antonelli. The fort houses the museum of piracy and is a national monument.
The castle was declared World Heritage by Mr. Bernd von Droste, director of the World Heritage Center. “This is a remarkable example of Hispanic-American military architecture” said Von Droste in the procla... For more information...
CAT’S HILL (LOMA DEL GATO)
Located in the eastern municipality of Songo La Maya, the area won its place in Cuba’s history when on July 5th of 1896, the fatal combat where the legendary eastern lion (León de Oriente), José Maceo Grajales, brother of Lieutenant General Antonio Maceo was mortally wounded.
José, son of a legendary lineage of titans, gave his last breath to his homeland, after fighting endlessly and bravely a... For more information...
DOLORES CHURCH. SANTIAGO DE CUBA
In its beginning it was the Church of Our Lady of Dolores (Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de los Dolores), built in the XVII century in a city charged with legends and history. Starting from January 1989, after the ecclesiastical authorities donated the building to Santiago de Cuba, the beautiful and well kept construction became a Concert Hall.
This place is not only appreciated due to its archit... For more information...
This place is located in the mountainous municipality of Guamá. It was declared a National Monument on December 25th of 1979 and was associated with the last stage of the insurrectional process towards the end of the 1850’s.
Here the Rebel Army (Ejército Rebelde) troops held a bloody battle with the army of Fulgencio Batista’s dictatorship. This battle raged from the 11th to the 21st of July of... For more information...
FRANK PAÍS GARCÍA MUSEUM HOUSE
It opened its doors as a museum on November 30th of 1964, and since then it exhibits photographs, documents and personal objects of the País García brothers and their family. It was declared a National Monument on October 10th of 1978.
The house was built during the second half of the XIX century. The brothers Frank and Josué País García, brave young men that played an important part in the ... For more information...
FRENCH COFFEE PLANTATIONS
Here in Santiago of Cuba, the French and Haitian cultural legacy can be seen, it is a part not only of its history but also of its memory and tradition. It is not a coincidence that the Archaeological Landscape (Paisaje Arqueológico) of coffee plantations is among the World Heritage sites as well as being declared a Cuban National Monument.
These coffee plantations that date back to the end of... For more information...
HEADQUARTERS OF THE II EASTERN FRONT
(COMANDANCIA DEL II FRENTE ORIENTAL)
On March 11th of 1958 this military site was built with the name of II Eastern Front Frank País García (II Frente Oriental Frank País García) and was headed by Commander Raúl Castro Ruz. It covered an area of 12 000 square kilometres that includes the municipalities of Mayarí, Sagua de Tánamo, Baracoa, Yateras, Guantánamo, Alto Songo and San Luis and for the next trimester of the struggle against ... For more information...
HEADQUARTERS OF THE III EASTERN FRONT
(COMANDANCIA DEL III FRENTE ORIENTAL)
The historic military site headed by the then Commander Juan Almeida Bosque was officially constituted on March 15th of 1958 and covered an area of approximately 6 022 square kilometres.
This site was chosen due to the fact that the Rebel Army (Ejército Rebelde) was ready to extend the revolutionary war to other areas of the eastern region, as of the first months of 1958, which would force the e... For more information...
HISTORICAL QUARTERS, SANTIAGO DE CUBA
The city was founded on July 25th of 1515, so that it treasures a great and important variety of fights and struggles, from those waged against Spanish colonialism up to becoming an insurmountable bastion in the resistance against Fulgencio Batista’s dictatorship.
The historical quarters evolved rapidly covering an area of 2.5 square kilometres, where many examples of typical colonial and repu... For more information...
HOUSE OF DIEGO VELAZQUEZ
Located in Santiago de Cuba, this building is known as the House of Diego Velásquez, due to the fact that the founder of the city established his offices here (lower level) and also his residence (upper level). Its construction dates back to between 1516 and 1530, and it is considered the most ancient house in Cuba. It is the seat of the Museum of the Cuban Historical Environment (Museo de Ambient... For more information...
HOUSE OF TROVA (SANTIAGO DE CUBA)
It is a picturesque institution located in the historical centre of the Heroic City (Ciudad Héroe) where authors and singers gather, bent on keeping alive the most beautiful traditions of Cuban popular music. With this purpose in mind, every year the Pepe Sánchez Trova Festival is held, where troubadours, romantics and bohemians leave their legacy at the birthplace of trova and son. You can ask yo... For more information...
LA GRAN PIEDRA (THE GREAT STONE)
This peculiar monolith has an extension of 8,295.33 acres and it is located in the Sierra Maestra National Park 18.64 mi from Santiago de Cuba. The rock is 738.19 ft above sea level; specialists estimate it weighs 70, 000 tons. The stone 167.32 ft long, 98.43 ft wide, and 85.30 ft high was included in the Guinnes Records Book.
Temperature drops of 4.00 degrees Celsius and a dense fog has been re... For more information...
It was the main campsite of Mayor General Calixto García, Head of the Eastern Department, due to its security and natural characteristics.
Over half a century later, during the struggle of the Rebel Army (Ejército Rebelde), the forces of Column #1 José Martí led by Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz installed their main camp here.
From this strategic place, Fidel Castro directed his milit... For more information...
LOMA DEL INTENDENTE AND SURROUNDING AREA
Santiago de Cuba, Heroic City of the Republic of Cuba, became a living historical monument related with the events of November 30th of 1956, when a group of young men led by Frank País, backing up the landing of the men on the Granma yacht, with Fidel Castro at the head of 81 men, raised up the whole city. Here the Museum of Clandestine Struggle (Museo de la Lucha Clandestina) has been located sin... For more information...
MANGOS DE BARAGUÁ
This place is in the Mella municipality, in the province of Santiago de Cuba and was declared a National Monument on October 10th of 1978 due to its significance in the struggles for independence.
On March 15th of 1878 the famous Baragua Protest (Protesta de Baraguá) took place. It was one of the most dignified and glorious events in the struggles of the Cuban Mambi Army against the Spanish Co... For more information...
MARTE SQUARE. SANTIAGO DE CUBA
Also identified as Liberty Plaza (Plaza de la Libertad) it is one of the favourite spots of the people of the Heroic City (Ciudad Héroe), and of its visitors. It is among one of the most central and elevated points in the midst of the city’s vital arteries such as Aguilera, José A. Saco streets and it is the starting point of the popular Victoriano Garzón avenue.
The well known Liberty Column... For more information...
MONCADA GARRISON (CUARTEL MONCADA)
Its history started in 1859 when the first stone was placed on what was initially known as the Garrison of the New Prison (cuartel del Nuevo Presidio), because it was destined to serve as a departmental prison for the province of Santiago de Cuba. By decision of the colonial government of Spain, it was also called Garrison of Queen Mercedes and since 1902 it became the Moncada Garrison. In an atte... For more information...
Municipal Government, Santiago de Cuba
It is located in one of the corners of the legendary Céspedes Park and the building was conceived as a Municipal Palace, a function that it maintains today. Located within the Plaza Mayor, a central area where the buildings representing the colonial government were concentrated.
It is built along the lines of the colonial architecture of the time period and was opened on October 18th of 1954. ... For more information...
MUNICIPAL HISTORICAL ARCHIVES (ARCHIVO HISTÓRICO MUNICIPAL) (Vivac)
Exactly in 1515 the Church of Santa Catalina (Iglesia Santa Catalina) was built here, and in 1522 it became the headquarters of the first Cathedral of Cuba, which was destroyed in 1828 by an earthquake, leaving a deserted landscape. Later on, a public jail was built and opened on November 17th of 1845.
In its cells many patriots, personalities and revolutionaries suffered imprisonment here, am... For more information...
National Sanctuary of the Virgin in El Cobre
The Temple of El Cobre (Ermita de El Cobre), only 19 kilometres from Santiago of Cuba, has become a traveller’s destination, because it is the main site of the Virgin of the Caridad del Cobre, patron saint of the Cuban Catholics.
Her altar was built in marble and her silhouette is generally situated as facing the chapel of the Sanctuary, which is entered through the back, located above the “Ch... For more information...
NORMAL SCHOOL FOR TEACHERS
(ESCUELA NORMAL PARA MAESTROS)
It has been declared a National Monument since 1997. It was built at the beginning of the XX century with donations from the American state of Massachusetts and funds from the Cuban state.
The first Model School (Escuela Modelo) for grade students was located here, and later in 1916 the Eastern Normal School (Escuela Normal de Oriente). It teachers were made up of famous personalities of Cuban ... For more information...
Padre Pico Street
Padre Pico Street is one of the more picturesque places of the Heroic City of Santiago of Cuba (Ciudad Héroe de Santiago de Cuba) located in the city’s centre. It was first named Cuesta de Amuedo, later on as Hospital Street and then Loma de Corpacho.
This unique street in Santiago adopted its current name in 1942 in honour of the priest Bernardo del Pico (1726-1813) a man who dedicated his l... For more information...
PALACE OF JUSTICE (PALACIO DE JUSTICIA)
This building was declared a National Monument on July 10 of 1998, according to Resolution No.151 of the National Monument Commission (Comisión Nacional de Monumentos).
The building was built in the decade of the forties in the XX century and it celebrated two public audiences related to causes number 37 of 1953 and number 67 of1956.
The first was the trial against the survivors of the revo... For more information...
PINOS DE BAIRE
The Spanish Army tried to take back this area after the fall of the city of Bayamo into insurrectional hands on October 20th of 1868.
The Cuban Mambi troops led by the Dominican Sargent Máximo Gómez Báez were in charge of detaining the advance of these troops in the area of Baire. The action was carried out by the local troops mainly using the machete as weapon. From this point on the use of th... For more information...
Located in the municipality of III Frente Oriental Mario Muñoz Monroy, in Santiago de Cuba it occupies a place in history for being the site where the Father of the Homeland (Padre de la Patria), Carlos Manuel de Céspedes lived out his last days.
Céspedes was the first president of the Republic of Cuba in Arms (República de Cuba en armas) and later on was deposed due to misunderstandings, retir... For more information...
SANTA IFIGENIA CEMETERY
The cemetery was inaugurated on April 22nd 1868. it has an extension of 264,058.40 sq ft and it’s regarded as a museum.
Several illustrious Cubans are buried here: National Hero José Martí; Founding Father Carlos Manuel de Céspedes; Mariana Grajales, mother of the Maceo brothers; Frank País, murdered during the Batista dictatorship.
The cemetery is plethoric of funeral art samples in a magnific... For more information...
SANTIAGO DE CUBA
Santiago is the capital city of the province of the same name. Santiago de Cuba has a unique history, very distinctive people, and musical roots enriched by the mixture of races and cultures that make this city the most Caribbean city of Cuba.
The city is the only Cuban city to hold the title of “Hero City of the Republic of Cuba”.
The streets of city are full of historic events by its brave peo... For more information...
A memorable battle of the Rebel Army (Ejército Rebelde) against the troops of Batista’s dictatorship took place in this area of the present day municipality of Guamá on May 28th of 1957. Commander in Chief Fidel Castro led the combat.
It is known as the greatest battle fought by the Rebel Army (Ejército Rebelde) and was a starting point for developing the insurrectional struggle against the en... For more information...
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