SANTIAGO DE CUBA
Santiago is the capital city of the province of the same name. Santiago de Cuba has a unique history, very distinctive people, and musical roots enriched by the mixture of races and cultures that make this city the most Caribbean city of Cuba.
The city is the only Cuban city to hold the title of ďHero City of the Republic of CubaĒ.
The streets of city are full of historic events by its brave people from the first wars of independence in the 19th century to the attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953.
Seventeen sites of the city are considered national monuments; this brave city has history everywhere.
The city was founded in 1515 marking the beginning of the Spanish colonialism in the Caribbean. The historical center stretches for 1.55 sq mi. The city sits on top of marine terraces and itís sheltered by the Sierra Maestra mountain range. The historical centerís limits mark the extension the city had until late 19th century. It shows many elements of colonial and republican architecture.
The cityís superb natural resources favor the practice of ecotourism, especially trailing and adventure tourism; and it has an adequate infrastructure for congress tourism as well as nautical sports, cruises, and health tourism.
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